Tuesday, May 29, 2018

Your dinner might be swimming North thanks to climate change


Fisheries worldwide are expected to face substantial struggles as warming ocean waters force marine species to change their migratory patterns

The climate crisis poses a growing threat to fisheries across the globe, as warming oceans force marine species to head for the poles or deeper waters—and away from some of the world's most heavily fished areas, according to a new report published in the journal PLOS ONE.

Warming ocean waters, as a result of anthropogenic climate change, have already caused migration changes for marine organisms, "which have generally been shifting poleward or into deeper waters as temperatures warm," according to the report.
For the new study, scientists examined the migratory changes of nearly 700 species living in the Atlantic and Pacific oceans along the North American continental shelf, and projected future shifts for these species, based on anticipated increases in ocean temperatures throughout the 21st century.
Fish shifts

The North American continental shelf, the reports notes, is "an expansive area with some of the most productive fisheries globally" that also "contains some of the most rapidly increasing regions of ocean temperature in the world"—meaning that as the water temperatures continue to rise, these highly productive fisheries will likely be significantly impacted.

"We've already seen that shifts of a couple of hundred miles in a species' migratory range can disrupt and bankrupt fisheries," lead author James Morley, a marine biologist at Rutgers University, reported. "This study shows that such dislocations of migratory patterns will happen all over the continent and on both coasts throughout the 21st century." 

As Rutgers researcher and co-author Malin Pinsky put it, "It's like the rug is slowly getting pulled out from under our fishing communities."
Even if the international community somehow manages to meet the ambitions of the Paris climate agreement and limit global warming to no more than 2 degrees Celsius, Pinsky explained that their findings indicate these fisheries could still suffer a great deal from the warming waters, considering that highly mobile marine species are changing habitats in response to the climate crisis 10 times faster than the rate of land-based species. They are migrating towards the poles where the water is still cooler than more central planetary waters.

"This is something that's been happening on the East Coast already. If we don't prepare for what is surely coming, it's going to create more conflict and challenges for fishing communities in the future," Pinsky warned.  They will be struggling for survival and unable to follow the schools of fish which will migrate far beyond the range and capabilities of fishing boats. 
 Pointing out that fishing permitting isn't keeping up with the pace of migratory changes, particularly along the East Coast, Pinksy added: "Accounting for climate change is very necessary. If we pretend like nothing is happening, it's not going to help."  In fact, if we pretend like nothing is happening we may lose the greatest source of food on the planet.

Climate Chuckles

does it have to be one or the other . . .
Warming Sends A Chill Through Ski Industry | NPR - 7 12/2013 »  http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=249434905
(cartoon by David Horsey)
Especially here in coal-digging, oil-drilling, cattle and sheep-grazing, fracking-frenzied Wyoming. :-(
A Sweltering Planet’s Agenda: Washington Post Editorial Board Calls For Carbon Tax
French Communist conspiracy
Climate change is already here.

Global warming, global trade means floods in China will likely harm U.S. economy

"Economic losses might be down-streamed along the global trade and supply network affecting other economies on a global scale," said researcher Sven Willner. 
By Brooks Hays | May 29, 2018 

Road signs partly vanish under a swollen Yangtze River in Chongqing on August 24, 2010. The flooding from torrential summer rains, which has killed at least 700 people and displaced millions, was the worst China had suffered in more than a decade. Photo by UPI/Stephen Shaver 

May 28 (UPI) -- New research suggests climate change is likely to cause more frequent and more destructive flooding in China, triggering economic losses at home and abroad -- including the U.S. economy.
"Climate change will increase flood risks already in the next two decades -- and this is not only a problem for millions of people but also for economies worldwide," Anders Levermann, researcher at the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research in Germany, said in a news release. 

Levermann and his colleagues modeled flooding risk in China and its effects on the economies of China's trade partners.
"Through supply shortages, changes in demand and associated price signals, economic losses might be down-streamed along the global trade and supply network affecting other economies on a global scale -- we were surprised about the size of this rather worrying effect," said Potsdam researcher Sven Willner.

The researchers' models used algorithms designed to measure global risk assessment for natural hazards, as well as algorithms inspired by network theory. Together, the model's components helped scientists understand how localized economic shocks propagate in time and space.

The simulations, detailed in the journal Nature Climate Change, provided a reminder that natural disasters can impact the entire global community.

China could suffer as much as $380 billion in economic losses due to flooding over the next 20 years. Such losses would likely trigger direct and indirect economic losses in the United States. The new models suggest increased flooding in China will cause direct losses of $30 billion and indirect losses of $170 billion over the 20 years.

Europe is likely to suffer more modest losses due to their more balanced trade relationship with China, the models showed.
"The U.S. imports much more from China than it exports to this country," Willner said. "This leaves the U.S. more susceptible to climate-related risks of economic losses passed down along the global supply and trade chain."

While the globalized nature of the economy ensures local impacts are felt around the world, it also allows supply chains to readjust, buffering economies against more dramatic losses. These buffering benefits offered by the globalized economy are most fully realized by countries engaging in balanced trade.
According to the new study, President Trump's plans to subject more Chinese imports to tariffs could make the United States more vulnerable to climate-related economic shocks.

"As our study suggests, under climate change, the more reasonable strategy is a well-balanced economic connectivity, because it allows to compensate economic damages from unexpected weather events -- of which we expect more in the future," said Levermann.

Thanx  Brooks Hays

Knight Sha  C.


Please donate  if it's only your voice  , come on people  , lets get the word out .

Friday, May 25, 2018

Before the Flood

Before the Flood is set on the battlegrounds of climate change—from the North Pole to the South Pacific to the voting booth.

October 19, 2016 Clara Chaisson Leonardo DiCaprio usually plays the leading man. But in the new documentary Before the Flood, climate change is the star—a villainous one—and DiCaprio takes on a supporting role as a guide who walks us through what’s happening to the planet.

With two and a half years’ worth of footage, the film, directed by Fisher Stevens, takes us on a journey to the front lines of a warming world. We watch Arctic ice melting and coral reefs bleaching. We get a bird’s-eye view of the Alberta tar sands (“It kind of looks like Mordor,” DiCaprio remarks to a bemused oil exec). A helicopter ride over a smoldering Sumatran rainforest shows us how illegal slash-and-burn agriculture to clear land for palm oil plantations produces drifting haze that has made the air unhealthy to breathe in neighboring countries. We meet Indian farmers who have lost their crops to flooding, and the former Kiribati president Anote Tong, whose island nation is slowly slipping beneath the sea. As president, Tong oversaw the purchase of land in Fiji to relocate Kiribati’s residents when sea-level rise inevitably overwhelms the country.

“All that I have seen and learned on this journey has terrified me,” DiCaprio told delegates at last year’s United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris. In 2014, U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon named DiCaprio a U.N. Messenger for Peace, with a special focus on climate change. The actor and longtime environmental activist—who also sits on NRDC’s Board of Trustees—is the first to admit that Before the Flood makes for some seriously daunting viewing.

But this horror flick isn’t without hope. Cleaner technologies and policies play the roles of potential heroes. DiCaprio speaks with electric car entrepreneur Elon Musk about his ambitious ideas for sustainable transportation and discusses how countries like Denmark are successfully transitioning from fossil fuels to renewable energy. DiCaprio also reminds the audience that we’re not merely witnesses to the planet’s destruction. Through how we live, we are all actively choosing what kind of world we want to leave for our children.

The film’s pithy tagline sums up the situation: “The science is clear. The future is not.”

Before the Flood premieres in theaters in New York and Los Angeles on October 21 and is available to stream on the National Geographic Channel.

onEarth provides reporting and analysis about environmental science, policy, and culture. All opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the policies or positions of NRDC.

You can donate to the NRDC    or use your voice to spread the word 'THANK' you ever so much .
Thanx Leo  DiCaprio
Crusader Jenny Nanook & Mika

Wednesday, May 23, 2018

See the source image
Image result for cartoon of Trump denying climate change
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National Parks Report On Climate Change Finally Released, Uncensored

After previously erasing all mentions of climate change, National Park Service releases uncensored report

The study's lead scientist said she was "extremely happy" that mentions of climate change were restored.

In the face of mounting scrutiny over attempts to scrub all mentions of climate change from a report about sea level rise, the National Park Service (NPS) has finally released its long-awaited report.
The uncensored report was quietly released on Friday with no mention by the NPS, the Department of Interior, or its Secretary Ryan Zinke’s Twitter accounts.
The report highlights the climate risks at 118 coastal national park sites. While the impact will vary depending on the location and how much global temperatures increase, the report finds that parks in North Carolina’s Outer Banks are at the greatest risk from sea level rise.
In contrast to the Trump administration’s tendency to ignore or deny climate change and its risks, the report begins: “Global sea level is rising. While sea levels have been gradually rising since the last glacial maximum approximately 21,000 years ago, anthropogenic climate  change ( changes caused by interference from mankind)  has significantly increased the rate of global sea level rise.”
“Ongoing changes in relative sea levels and the potential for increasing storm surges due to anthropogenic climate change and other factors present challenges to national park managers,” it states.
After analyzing 18 different versions of the report, which was first drafted in the summer of 2016, journalists found that the word “anthropogenic” was crossed out by an official in a February 2018 draft. Three references to “human activities” causing climate change were also removed.
Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke, who denies the science on climate change, had previously said in his defense that “I didn’t change a paragraph — a comma — in any document and I never would.”
In response, last month House and Senate Democrats called on the Department of the Interior’s inspector general to investigate whether the NPS had violated its scientific integrity policy. They also asked for an investigation to identify who edited the NPS report and who directed them to do so.
The study’s lead scientist Maria Caffrey, a University of Colorado research assistant, said that she was “extremely happy” that the report was released with all mentions of climate change restored
Caffrey had worked on the report for five years. When she resisted the editing efforts, she was reportedly told by NPS officials that the report would not be released if she refused to accept the deletions, or that it could be released without her name on it.
“The fight probably destroyed my career with the [National Park Service],” she said, “but it will be worth it if we can uphold the truth and ensure that scientific integrity of other scientists won’t be challenged so easily in the future.”
 Yay!! Score one for climate scientists!

Facing Climate Change without the USA

Auto makers form alliance to reduce emissions
Automakers urged the White House to cooperate with California officials in a coming rewrite of vehicle efficiency standards, saying “climate change is real.”

The plea came in a May 3 letter to the White House’s Office of Management and Budget from the Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers, the industry’s leading trade group. It said carmakers “strongly support” continued alignment between federal mileage standards and those set by California. General Motors Co., Ford Motor Co., Daimler AG and nine other carmakers are members of the Alliance.

“Automakers remain committed to increasing fuel efficiency requirements, which yield everyday fuel savings for consumers while also reducing emissions -- because climate change is real and we have a continuing role in reducing greenhouse gases and improving fuel efficiency,” David Schwietert, executive vice president of federal government relations at the Alliance, wrote in the letter, which was made public Monday.

The letter came roughly a week before President Donald Trump signaled he was open to talks with California on mileage standards. The direction came after the administration’s April ruling that the Obama administration standards for model years 2022-2025 were too aggressive and needed to be eased.

Court Battle Threat

Officials from the state have pledged to fight a Trump-led rollback, setting up a potential messy legal battle and the risk of different mileage requirements in California and 12 additional states that follow its rules.

“Operating under two or three sets of regulations would be inefficient and disrupt a period of rapid innovation in the auto industry,” Schwietert wrote, adding that fractured rules could have negative consequences for the roughly 7 million people employed directly or indirectly by the American auto industry.

A joint proposal for revised mileage targets from the Environmental Protection Agency and National Highway Traffic Safety Administration is still in the works and could be released by late May or early June. A leaked draft of the proposal, led by the NHTSA, recommended freezing mileage requirements at a 37-miles-per-gallon fleet average from 2020 through 2026 instead of increasing each year to eventually reach about 50 miles per gallon.

In addition to voicing support for annual gains in efficiency requirements, the Alliance asked the White House to consider ways to keep California at the table, including extending the so-called national program of rules beyond 2025 and updating efficiency credit mechanisms.

The White House did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Monday, May 21, 2018

A little extra global warming will mean a lot more habitat loss for plants and animals, study says

By  Deborah Netburn             May 18 , 2018
A polar bear walks in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. New research suggests that a small difference in global temperatures will have a big effect on wildlife habitat. (Subhankar Banerjee / Associated Press)

What difference does half a degree Celsius of global warming make?

To many plants and animals, and especially insects, it could mean the difference between life and death, according to a new study.

In a paper published Thursday in Science, researchers report that limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius above the average pre-industrial global temperature would avoid half the risks of global warming to plants and animals and two-thirds of the risk to insects compared to 2 degrees of warming.

The new analysis was inspired in part by the 2015 Paris climate agreement in which 176 countries agreed to work together to limit global warming to 2 degrees Celsius, with an ultimate goal of keeping the temperature from climbing no more than 1.5 degrees.

"All the previous scientific literature looked at 2 degrees as the lower limit because that was what was being discussed at the time," said Rachel Warren of the University of East Anglia in Norwich, England, an environmental biologist who led the new work. "After the, Paris agreement the landscape changed. We wanted to know what the benefits would be to limit warming globally by an extra .5 degree."

In the new work, Warren and her colleagues analyzed how the geographical ranges of about 100,000 species of terrestrial plants and animals would be affected by several different warming scenarios.

"Basically, every plant, animal and insect has a range of climates where it's happy," she said. "Outside of that range, it gets a little bit uncomfortable, and eventually gets to where it can't survive at all."

The researchers found that 18% of insects, 16% of plants and 8% of vertebrates will lose more than half their geographical range if the average global temperature is two degrees hotter than it was before the industrial revolution.

If the warming can be limited to 1.5 degrees above pre-industrial levels however, that risk drops significantly. In this scenario, only 6% of insects, 8% of plants and 4% of vertebrates would be expected to see more than half their geographical range disappear.

The authors also looked at what would happen if the Earth warmed by 3 degrees by 2100, which is what is projected to occur if members of the Paris accord met their current pledges to reduce emissions by 2030 but then did nothing else.

In that case, 49% of insects, 44% of plants and 26% of vertebrates would see more than half of their geographical range disappear.

"The takeaway is that if you could limit warming to 1.5 degrees, the risk to biodiversity is quite small. At 2 degrees it becomes significant, and at 3 degrees almost half the insects and plants would be at risk," Warren said.

To come to this conclusion, the authors started by looking at the geographical ranges of 100,000 species, including 34,000 insects. This data came from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, which is an open access database that gets contributions from research institutions all over the world.
Marine heat waves have led to severe bleaching in the Great Barrier Reef.
Marine heat waves have led to severe bleaching in the Great Barrier Reef. (ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies)

For this study, the authors used longitudinal and latitudinal data for each recorded observation of the 100,000 plant and animal species and then, based on that information, calculated what type of climate the individual species need to survive.

Here, climate does not just meant temperature, although that's part of it, Warren said. It also includes rainfall and seasonal changes.

For example, some plants and animals require temperatures to drop below freezing in the winter to reproduce.

Next, researchers consulted computer models to see how these geographic ranges will shift as the globe gets hotter.

"Picture looking down on North America and seeing shadows that represent the geographical range, what we call the climate envelope," Warren said. "As the earth gets warmer, these shadows start to move northward.

"The tropics get hotter, the temperate zones get more like the tropics and the polar zones get more like the temperate zones," she added.

You might imagine that Earth's biomass also would move northward to remain in its preferred climate shadow, but of course it's not as simple as that.

Sometimes the models show a climate shadow moving northward into the ocean or into a mountain range that is not a suitable home for certain plants and animals.

The authors also considered the varying abilities of plants, animals and insects to migrate as part of their analysis.

Previous work has shown that mammals and butterflies are adept at moving in response to climate change, while insects, plants and amphibians are not.

The research team was surprised to find that insects were especially susceptible to changes in climate, and Warren said she'd like to investigate that more.

"So far, we have warmed the world 1 degree," Warren said. "If we warm it another .5 degree by 2100, then some birds and mammals can catch up, but if it gets to 2 degrees, far fewer can catch up and at 3 degrees they won't be able to keep pace with it."

Deborah Netburn is a science reporter for the Los Angeles Times. She began her journalism career at the New York Observer in 1999, and has covered residential real estate, rich kids in Manhattan, entertainment, home and garden, national news, and technology. She has worked at the Los Angeles Times since 2006.
Thanx Deborah Netburn
Knight Sha  C.

Friday, May 18, 2018


 Imagine an ecosystem as a tiny world within our world. Here, living things, like plants and animals, interact with non-living elements, including water, rocks, soil and temperature. Every portion of the ecosystem influences everything else. An ecosystem exists within a larger area called a biome.
Here’s an example of an Ecosystem: The Sonoran Desert in Arizona is a harsh landscape. Within the desert, though, there are streams and creeks. Here, fish, birds, turtles and snakes live. There are trees and plants. This is one type of an ecosystem. In other parts of the desert, there is little water. Here, only a few plants, such as cactus can survive. The animals that live here – snakes, ground rats, and scorpions – must adapt to harsh conditions. This is a different ecosystem within the same biome.
Fun Facts About Ecosystems for Kids
Animals and plants within an ecosystem depend on each other for their survival. If conditions change, the animals and plants have to adapt.
Plants can’t migrate when conditions change. During drought and heat, they might die. If they die, then herbivores won’t have anything to eat. They must either find new plants to eat or move to a new place. If they move, then carnivores have no food. They must move too.
Sometime ecosystems change because of a climate change or a natural disaster. Sometimes, ecosystems are destroyed by humans.
Think about the ecosystems that might exist in your neighborhood or even in your own yard. If you have a vegetable garden, the plants attract plant-eating insects. The insects attract birds, snakes and frogs. These animals might attract predators, including fox, raccoons, coyotes and owls. Who knew there was so much going on right outside your door! A vegetable garden is a man-made ecosystem, but you get the idea.

Ecosystems Vocabulary :
Portion: piece, part
Harsh: severe, tough
Survive: live
Adapt: change
Drought: lack of water
Herbivore: plant eater
Carnivore: meat eater
Ecosystems Vocabulary Ecosystem Q&A
Question 1: How can I protect ecosystems in my area?

Answer 1: Pay attention to what you do in your own yard. Be careful with pesticides and fertilizers. Pesticides can poison birds, frogs and snakes. When fertilizers run into streams and rivers, they encourage algae to grow. The algae grow too much and smother other aquatic animals and plants. Grow flowering plants, vegetables and berries to give animals something to eat.
Question 2: What are the different types of Ecosystems?

Answer 2: The different types of environment ecosystems are as follows: Forest Ecosystems – Marine Ecosystems – Desert Ecosystems – Grassland Ecosystems – Tundra Ecosystems and Freshwater Ecosystems
Question 3: Is the ecosystem important?

Answer 3: The ecosystem is very important. Without a healthy ecosystem we would suffer terribly or simply would not exist. We need to protect nature to protect our drinking water, our crops and even the air we breathe. Everyone should care about the ecosystem, no matter how old or how young. By caring today we are caring for tomorrow’s world.
Question 4: What is destroying the ecosystem?

Answer 4: Unfortunately it’s our Human daily activities that are causing harm to our ecosystem. Examples of this are: Over hunting (Rhino, Tigers, Elephants, Lions and many more). Over Fishing, Deforestation and of course pollution.

thanx Easy Science  for Kids
I found my article  I ask  daddy to write  put the picture on it  
kids know about climate change  my sister say I learn to spell better  I can do  climate change post   thank you for reading  .
I have more Poppa and Me  story
Knight Man C .

Wednesday, May 16, 2018

The Walruses of the Shrinking Chukchi Sea Ice Forced to Come Ashore

New images captured by NOAA aerial surveys of the Alaska coast on September 27 show an estimated 35,000 walruses ashore near Point Lay

Pacific walruses have long relied on floating sea ice in the Arctic. They use it as a resting place between dives as they forage for shrimp, worms, and mollusks on the ocean floor. Female walruses also give birth on these ice platforms and raise their pups there.
But thanks to global warming, all that Arctic sea ice is dwindling. And so, in recent summers, many walruses have been seeking refuge on the northern shores of Alaska and Russia instead.
This September, scientists observed one of the biggest land haul-outs in recent memory in northern Alaska — with an estimated 35,000 walruses crowding the shore of a remote barrier island near Pt. Lay. Surveyors from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration photographed the event on September 13 during their annual aerial survey of Arctic marine mammals:

This seems to be an increasingly common occurrence, and the US Geological Survey has blamed it on climate change.
Major walrus haul-outs have now been observed in Alaska in six of the past eight years — at a time when Arctic sea ice has been shrinking. In 2010, some 20,000 walruses came ashore near Pt. Lay. In 2011, nearly 30,000 came ashore.  In 2013, another 10,000 came ashore.
Several thousand walruses were killed in stampedes last year after the disappearance of the ice caused them to crowd onto the shoreline in extraordinary numbers, deaths some scientists see as another alarming consequence of global warming.
The deaths took place during the late summer and fall on the Russian side of the Bering Strait, which separates Alaska from Russia.
"It was a pretty sobering year — tough on walruses," said Joel Garlach-Miller, a walrus expert for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
Unlike seals, walruses cannot swim indefinitely. The big, tusked mammals typically clamber onto the sea ice to rest, or haul themselves onto land for just a few weeks at a time. But when the ice disappeared in the Chukchi Sea last year because of warm summer weather, ocean currents and persistent eastern winds, walruses came ashore earlier and stayed longer, congregating in extremely high numbers, with herds as big as 40,000 at Point Shmidt.
Walruses are vulnerable to stampedes when they gather in such large numbers. The appearance of a polar bear, a hunter or a low-flying airplane can send them rushing to the water, crushing  older adults and most of their young pups.
The sad story of the Arctic animals decline continues. Most people are not aware of it and I wonder how much they would care if they knew.


Monday, May 14, 2018

What can trees tell us about climate change ?

Quite a lot, actually!
But to understand what the trees tell us, we first have to understand the difference between weather and climate.
Weather is a specific event—like a rain storm or hot day—that happens over a short period of time. Weather can be tracked within hours or days. Climate is the average weather conditions in a place over a long period of time (30 years or more). 
Scientists at the National Weather Service have been keeping track of weather in the United States since 1891. But trees can keep a much longer record of Earth’s climate. In fact, trees can live for hundreds—and sometimes even thousands—of years!
One way that scientists use trees to learn about past climate is by studying a tree’s rings. If you’ve ever seen a tree stump, you probably noticed that the top of the stump had a series of rings. It looks a bit like a bullseye.
/review/tree-rings/tree-rings.jpg /review/tree-rings/tree-rings.jpg
The light and dark rings of a tree. Image credit: Flickr Creative Commons user Amanda Tromley
These rings can tell us how old the tree is, and what the weather was like during each year of the tree’s life. The light-colored rings represent wood that grew in the spring and early summer, while the dark rings represent wood that grew in the late summer and fall. One light ring plus one dark ring equals one year of the tree’s life.
/review/tree-rings/tree-rings-diagram.jpg /review/tree-rings/tree-rings-diagram.jpg
The color and width of tree rings can provide snapshots of past climate conditions.
Because trees are sensitive to local climate conditions, such as rain and temperature, they give scientists some information about that area’s local climate in the past. For example, tree rings usually grow wider in warm, wet years and they are thinner in years when it is cold and dry. If the tree has experienced stressful conditions, such as a drought, the tree might hardly grow at all in those years.
Scientists can compare modern trees with local measurements of temperature and precipitation from the nearest weather station. However, very old trees can offer clues about what the climate was like long before measurements were recorded.
/review/tree-rings/old-tree.jpg /review/tree-rings/old-tree.jpg
This is said to be the Methuselah Tree, one of the oldest living trees in the world. Methuselah, a bristlecone pine tree in White Mountain, California is thought to be almost 5,000 years old. Image credit: Oke/Wikimedia Commons
In most places, daily weather records have only been kept for the past 100 to 150 years. So, to learn about the climate hundreds to thousands of years ago, scientists need to use other sources, such as trees, corals, and ice cores (layers of ice drilled out of a glacier).
Thanx NASA Climate Kids

Knight  Jonny  C.

Saturday, May 12, 2018

Jim Carrey Bestows Scott Pruitt With A Savage Nickname In Latest Painting

Actor/artist Jim Carrey is still pounding on the Trump administration with his sharp, political portraits. 

Carrey returned to a familiar target in his latest piece, not only ripping into scandal-plagued EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt, but also giving him a new nicknam
Pruitt was Carrey’s target last month too
Jim Carrey

 I looked on Trivago. The cheapest room in Washington is a youth hostel with bunkbeds at $81 a night. The $50 room Scott Pruitt got was a bribe from an energy lobbyist. Need your pipeline approved? Do it through Pruitt!
Jim Carrey

 Dear Smithsonian National Portrait Gallery @NPG, I know it’s early but I’d like to submit this as the official portrait of our 45th President, Donald J. Trump. It’s called, 'You Scream. I Scream. Will We Ever Stop Screaming?'
This article originally appeared on
Mama wants to know  where is the idiot's bib... HeHe
Knight Mama  C .

Thursday, May 10, 2018

Poppa and Me ---- paper route

 I wil tel you about poppa and my  paper route and aunt Jeannie   poppa say her name not aunt Jeannie   her name id buterfly poppa name aunt  Jeannie butterfly  she write peom for  poppa say to him  people yo read  
I late doing my  post  my mama  had met dowm  at the lake   she miss poppa   he went to heavn    mama stay in hosptal  1 nigte  she fine now  my Mema say mama  got soft feling    she love poppa very much  

You read the post my big sister  wrote  how bad  the weathr  will be next 3 month   it was bad one in canda   Jenny say wind blow   garbge can  down stret    you have fix the  roof      uncle Jon say this is the begin  ,  aunt Mae say remind her oof song     what you going to do when the stom come for you   aunt mae sing it in italan 

Poppa and me had paper route  aunt  Jeannie write on  a blog  long time ago  I  was to young to go  school aunt Jeannie  write  about the war s the bad people  was doing  kill their people  poppa say he was  a dictor   aunt Jeannie  write post poppa  make  lot of them   poppa take carton out of paper    cros word puzzle  make lot of them  poppa say  put them togeter  

Poppa find new for aunt Jeannie some time  poppa say aunt Jeannie like old stuf  daddy look over his glass  , daddy smile  daddy say  now he know why aunt Jeannie like  poppa  he is old stuf   poppa slap his leg  say he was like old wine beter  with age    poppa would grin  

We go delivy paper poppa say    mini G  you hand the paper to them  you hold other hand out   the pay you for the paper   keep your hand out  until they give you money   poppa say  mini G  you work  they pay  
I say poppa the give me  no money what to do    poppa say  tel them  you want you paper  back

we stay on a big place   mama daddy move here from new orleans   mama say she was the young one   mama sisters brothrs   grown   
Poppa say   mama daddy spoil her    daddy spoil mama now  when poppa was here  he spoil mama   poppa  and mama daddy is in heavn  sing with angel  
uncle Gerald wide  say poppa  you teach Man to beg   poppa say no  poppa teach me  to be  busness man   

There are  lot of kid  they mama bake  cake and cookie every  day  they  give some to poppa and me   we put all in a bag  cary them home    mama say where you get food   poppa tel mama   poppa say man  let  count  the money  Ii had 2 pocket money  mama look at the cake and cookie  mama say   what gerald wife gave you   poppa show mama  cookie , mama say  next time say no thank you  mama say dad  i not want you  and Man eating her  stuf   she not cook clean  she strach and not wash her hands  mama  say you take some more she wil spank our musty but  mama not spank you  mama sit you on the coch  talk to you   you want  to fal out  .

Mema  stay  on one side  aunt  Anita  saty on the other side  uncle  Jon stay next to Mema  they like to cook  poppa love  his sweet   poppa had  2 best freind  Uncle Harvey   Mr Larry     they move here to be with poppa  Uncle harvey   poppa was  friends before daddy born  he is daddt god father  he is still here  Mr . Larry  went to heavn after poppa  Uncle  Harvey  and aunt Jean  built  a house across the dtreet 

Poppa and uncle Harvey  and Mr Larry   go in the house    mema  and  aunt Matte and Aunt Anita     they sreal the sweet stuf  , they steal the meat   and  run   Mema caught them  one time   Mema  chase them  uncle Harvey fel down  uncle harvey say help Me G   poppa look back Mema  was  come  with her fly swat  poppa say sorry budy , everyman jor him sel   
Uncle Harvey but  was in the air  Mema start   set down on ground  Mema got tear roll down cheek .

I not know mama daddy   mama had me in her oven bake when grandday went to heavn  granddaddy know  mama was bake me   he say to mama  tell that boy about me   mama  say granddaddy and poppa was  good friends   . I know I would have fun with granddaddy .

Mama say when I born  poppa  start  retire   he want to help mama  my sisters was  going to school next year  poppa want to play with me    mama say I was poppa favorte toy  I wil love poppa for ever  

Aunt jeannie  drew  the cartoon  poppa and me on the schoter    poppa had the cartoon  in his fold  daddy  gave it to me   it is cool  aunt Jeannie drew it  for Poppa  and me   Big  G and Mini G news   daddy say now I can start my own fold . daddy say Eunt Jeannie is an artit  and wrte peoms .
See you next time  do somethng  to help clmate change  Nanook is depend on you .
Knight Man  C .

Tuesday, May 8, 2018

Earth just hit a terrifying milestone for the first time in more than 800,000 years

 Business Insider       KEVIN LORIA       May 8th 2018 9:51AM
The average concentration of carbon dioxide in Earth's atmosphere just topped 410 parts per million, according to measurements from Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii.
This is the highest CO2 levels have gotten in the 800,000 years we have good data for.
This is expected to have a catastrophic effect on human health and the planet itself.

We have a pretty good idea of what Earth's atmosphere has looked like for the past 800,000 years.

Humans like us — Homo sapiens — only evolved about 200,000 years ago, but ice-core records reveal intricate details of our planet's history from long before humans existed. By drilling more than 3 kilometers deep into the ice sheets over Greenland and Antarctica, scientists can see how temperature and atmospheric carbon dioxide levels have changed from then until now.

From that record, we know the atmosphere and the air that we breathe has never had as much carbon dioxide in it as it does today. 

For the first time in recorded history, the average monthly level of CO2 in the atmosphere exceeded 410 parts per million (ppm) in the month of April, according to observations made at the Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii.

The new record is not a coincidence — humans have rapidly transformed the air we breathe by pumping CO2 into it over the past two centuries. In recent years, we've pushed those gas levels into uncharted territory.

That change has inevitable and scary consequences. Research indicates that unchecked, this trend could directly lead to tens of thousands of pollution-related deaths, reach a point at which it slows human cognition, and lead to the rising sea levels, searing heat waves, and superstorms that scientists project as effects of climate change.

"As a scientist, what concerns me the most is what this continued rise actually means: that we are continuing full speed ahead with an unprecedented experiment with our planet, the only home we have," climate scientist Katharine Hayhoe said on Twitter about the new record.

Breathing the air of a new world
For the 800,000 years we have records of, average global CO2 levels fluctuated between about 170 ppm and 280 ppm. Once humans started to burn fossil fuels in the industrial era, things changed rapidly.

Only in the industrial era has the number risen above 300 ppm. The concentration first crept above 400 ppm in 2013, and continues to climb. 

Scientists debate the last time CO2 levels were this high. It might have happened during the Pliocene era, between 2 and 4.6 million years ago, when sea levels were at least 60 to 80 feet higher than today. It may have been in the Miocene, 10 to 14 million years ago, when seas were more than 100 feet higher than now. 

In our 800,000-year record, it took about 1,000 years for CO2 levels to increase by 35 ppm. We're currently averaging an increase of more than 2 ppm per year, meaning that we could hit an average of 500 ppm within the next 45 years, if not sooner.

Humans have never had to breathe air like this. And it does not seem to be good for us.

Global temperature tracks very closely to atmospheric levels of CO2. The potential impacts of higher average temperatures include tens of thousands of deaths from heat waves, increased air pollution that leads to lung cancer and cardiovascular disease, higher rates of allergies and asthma, more extreme weather events, and the spread of diseases carried by ticks and mosquitoes — an effect we're already seeing.

 Higher levels of CO2 also exacerbate ozone pollution. One 2008 study found that for every degree Celsius the temperature rises because of CO2 levels, ozone pollution can be expected to kill an additional 22,000 people via respiratory illness, asthma, and emphysema. A recent study calculated that overall, air pollution alreadykills 9 million people every year.

 Other research has raised even more reasons for concern. The average CO2 level doesn't represent the air most of us breathe. Cities tend to have far more CO2 than average — and those levels rise even higher indoors. Some research indicates that this may have a negative effect on human cognition and decision-making. (There's a full list of possible ways climate change will affect human health on an archived EPA page.)

 President Obama's EPA ruled in 2009 that CO2 was a pollutant that needed to be regulated under the Clean Air Act, though the Trump administration is re-evaluating that decision.

 Drowning in CO2
 The human health effects from CO2 increases are just one part of the bigger story here.

 The change we've seen in CO2 levels recently has been much more rapid than the natural historical trends. Some experts think we're on track to hit 550 ppm by the end of the century, which would cause average global temperatures to rise 6 degrees Celsius. (For context, the increase in superstorms, rising sea levels, and spreading tick-borne disease that we're already seeing comes after a 0.9-degree rise.) Ptemperature and CO2Ben Henley and Nerilie Abram/The Conversation------------
 Sea-level rise projections will only get bigger as CO2 levels will continue to climb.

 Right now, carbon-dioxide emissions are still rising. The goal set in the Paris agreement is to limit the global temperature increase to 2 degrees C or less. But as a recent feature in Nature put it, we're currently on track for more than 3 degrees of warming.

 The latest measurements from Mauna Loa show that if we want to avoid that, we'll need to make some dramatic changes very quickly.
NOW WATCH: What will happen when Earth's north and south poles flip
Special Thanks to Alanna  Mitchell:hppts://www.amazon.com 

Crusader Jenny  , Nanook  & Knight Mika

knight on horeback chargingNote in the secret placeknight on horeback charging

Saturday, May 5, 2018

Violent Storm Blasts Ontario and Quebec

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You were right Sha. The first of the predicted summer storms hit Ontario and Quebec on Friday. And left us all stunned at the destruction. My own house had half the shingles mangled or ripped off. The gazebo almost blew away and a huge tree in our neighbors yard was split in half and  may yet fall on our house. The tree service is so busy they can't get here until Monday
Powerful winds wreaked havoc in southern Ontario's Golden Horseshoe region , leaving 200,000 people without power and claiming at least two lives. Winds peaked at 127 kilometers an hour.
Just before 7 p.m. in Hamilton, a man in his 50s was found unconscious on a road and "in contact with live wires," a release sent out by Hamilton police said. Witnesses told police they saw the man trying to clear the wires from the roadway. Shortly after emergency services arrived the man was pronounced dead.
Police  reported that a tree fell on two men. One was pronounced dead at the scene while another was rushed to hospital in life-threatening condition.  Falling trees were a serious risk throughout the day, helping contribute to extreme Hydro One power outages as of 8 p.m.
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'We've got a long night ahead of us,' fire chief says

Between 4 p.m. and 9 p.m. on Friday evening, Toronto fire crews responded to 685 calls, Toronto fire Chief Matthew Pegg said.
The high volume of calls sparked a "severe weather protocol," said the chief. That means fire services will "significantly reduce" the number of trucks and crews that respond to each incident, he said.
Crews are prioritizing calls.
"We've got a long night ahead of us, for sure," Pegg said.
Most of the calls coming in are related to the "extraordinary wind" that brought down trees and wires and sent debris flying, he said. Numerous other calls were for people trapped in elevators due to power outages. Damaged roofs,  blown in windows and heavy property damage from flying debris occurred across the southern section of both provinces. The Airports grounded all flights and waited out the storm.
 We are not used to hurricane force winds and the violence of the storm frightened home owners. They had no time to prepare  or protect their homes in any way. This is a harbinger of future storms in Canada and I think we better face the fact that extreme weather events will be the norm.

The Oracle Speaks